核心提示：Mechanical PropertiesTypical mechanical properties for grade 301 stainless steels are given in table A.Table A. Mechanical properties of 301 grade stainless steelGrade 301 Temper ASTM A666Tens 五金市场：我国电力系统自动化市场发展前景推荐简介：导读：市场经济的跨越式发展令各类电力企业、公司面临着观念更新、技术更新、市场更新的深刻变革，我国电力系统市场正朝着自动化的发展方向不断迈进。这场变革令电力企业面临着前所未有的挑战，因此本文基于我国电力系统市场的自动化发展特征展望了其全新发展前景，对行业内创新策略、创新技术及理念的综合运用，切实提升电力企业市场综合竞争力有积极有效的促进作用。一、我国电力系统自动化市场发展特征展望十一五、面向十二五，...... 五金之家讯：Mechanical Properties
Typical mechanical properties for grade 301 stainless steels are given in table A.
Table A. Mechanical properties of 301 grade stainless steel
Grade 301 Temper ASTM A666Tensile Strength (MPa) min.Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min.Elongation (% in 50mm) (thick.>0.76mm) min.Bend Test (thickness > 1.27mm)
Bend Angle (°)Factor
Bend test is around a diameter of the Bend Factor multiplied by the steel thickness.
Typical physical properties for grade 301 stainless steels are given in table B.
Table B. Physical properties of 301 grade stainless steel
GradeDensity (kg/m3)Elastic Modulus (GPa)Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (mm/m/°C)Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K)Specific Heat 0-100°CElectrical Resistivity (nW.m)
0-100°C0-315°C0-538°Cat 100°Cat 500°C(J/kg.K)
Possible Alternative Grades
304 The lower work hardening rate of 304 is acceptable, giving better ductility required for forming.
316 A higher corrosion resistance is required, and the lower work hardening rate of 316 can be compensated for.
Corrosion resistance is similar to that of 304. Good resistance in applications involving external exposure to mildly corrosive conditions at ambient temperatures.
Good oxidation resistance in intermittent service to 840°C and in continuous service to 900°C, although not usually chosen for this environment.
Solution Treatment (Annealing) - Heat to 1010-1120°C and cool rapidly. Use low side of range for intermediate annealing. This grade cannot be hardened by thermal treatment.
Grade 301 and its low carbon variants are used where a high strength stainless steel is required. The grades work harden at the very high rate of approximately 14MPa/%Ra (14MPa increase in tensile strength for each 1% reduction of area of cold work), resulting in high achievable strengths from cold rolling and from roll forming. The strain-hardened austenite is at least partially transformed to martensite by this work. Despite the high strengths achieved there is still enough residual ductility to enable severe cold deformation. Although non-magnetic in the annealed condition, when cold worked the grade becomes strongly attracted to a magnet.
Good characteristics suited to all standard methods. Grade 308L filler rod is recommended. Welds in Grade 301 must be annealed for maximum corrosion resistance; this is not necessary in 301L or 301LN. Welding and post weld annealing will both remove high strength induced by prior cold rolling.
Spot welding is commonly used to assemble cold rolled 301 components. The very small heat affected zone associated with this rapid welding technique results in little reduction of overall component strength.
Typical applications include:
· Rail car structural components - often roll formed, brake pressed or stretch formed to profiles but also used flat.
· Airframe sections
· Highway trailer components
· Automotive wheel covers
· Wiper blade holders and clips
· Toaster springs
· Stove element clips
· Screen frames
· Curtain walls